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Rezonate named as a “Cool Vendor”  in the 2023 Gartner® Cool Vendors™ in  Identity-First security

Rezonate Named as a Cool Vendor 2023 Gartner Identity First Security


We are proud and humbled to announce that Rezonate has been named a 2023 ‘Cool Vendor’ by Gartner Identity-First Security report. We believe that this is a significant milestone in our journey to build an identity-centric security platform to protect user and machine identities and their access privileges all across their access journey to cloud-native resources and critical SaaS Applications. 

The rise in cloudification and SaaSification of things has consequently increased the volume and complexity of identities, their privileges, and activities, with that, the challenge of preventing and stopping access-based attacks. A new paradigm is necessary in this dynamic and distributed construction of the digital world. A paradigm that puts the defender a step ahead, exerting greater control than the adversaries. A paradigm that doesn’t isolate applications and cloud services but instead views and orchestrates an identity in its entirety across its access journey with accumulated privileges and security controls, automating security posture enhancements, threat detection and response, and compliance requirements. The Magic of faster and more robust identity security adaptation lies back in the interdependencies between these 3 parts of the security missions, which cannot be done separately anymore and should Resonate together with the business cycle. This is our rai·son d’ê·tre, reason of existence – to make the rapid building, securing, and threat elimination Rezonate, which makes defenders much more powerful and successful vs. eliminating adversarial opportunities to compromise identities and breach organizations.

At Rezonate, we believe from day zero that identities are the new core of security in the shared security model of cloud and SaaS. Our platform is built from the ground up to provide real-time visibility to identity’s full access journey across clouds, SaaS, and identity providers. We aim to continuously fortify identity posture, reducing its susceptibility to compromises and defending against cyber attacks in real-time. This approach has enabled our customers to understand better, solve, and protect their assets.

Congrats to all our customers, partners and of course the Rezonators all over the world.

Let’s go! Join the revolution today and use Rezonate to mature your IAM Program and stop the next identity breach. 

Rezonate was named as a Cool Vendor in the 2023 Gartner® Cool Vendors™ in Identity-First Security report. 

“Gartner defines “identity-first security” as an approach to security design that makes identity-based controls the foundational element of an organization’s protection, detection and response architecture. It marks a fundamental shift from the perimeter-based controls that have become obsolete because of the decentralization of assets, users and devices. The focus of identity-first security is on the three C’s — Consistent, Contextual and Continuous — which marks a fundamental shift from perimeter-based, static controls toward dynamic ones.”

Unique to Rezonate is our platform’s ability to continually discover permissions based on identities’ privileges and activities, identify weak spots and risky behaviors, and enable remediation playbooks. Rezonate offers a window to your entire ecosystem, extending to SaaS applications, identity providers, and native cloud.

We believe this Gartner recognition is a significant milestone for us at Rezonate. We remain steadfast in our commitment to providing an all-encompassing identity-first security platform that continually strengthens security posture, empowers robust defense, and enables effective remediation.

Thank you for helping us shape the space and redefine the way identity security should be done in the age of cloud and SaaS, and thank you to our customers, partners, and the awesome rezonators worldwide. This is only day one! Let’s go!

Gartner, Cool Vendors in Identity-First Security, By Brian Guthrie, Robertson Pimentel, Henrique Teixeira, Michael Kelley, Felix Gaehtgens, Erik Wahlstrom, Rebecca Archambault, Published 6 September 2023

Gartner Disclaimer

GARTNER is a registered trademark and service mark of Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and internationally, and COOL VENDORS is a registered trademark of Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates and are used herein with permission. All rights reserved.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

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Important to highlight that some of the hunting queries may have false positives, depending on the environment, and may need some adjustments to reduce noisy results. Scenario 1 - Brute Force on an Okta User A brute force attack on an Okta user involves an attacker repeatedly trying different passwords in an attempt to eventually guess correctly and gain unauthorized access. To hunt for any occurrence of this scenario, you can search for an actor that performed more than X failed login attempts on at least Y target user, failing or ending up with a successful login. In cases of failure, the activity may result in a user's lockage, or Okta blocking the client IP. The same logic can be applied to two different types of events: user.session.start - Search for traditional Brute Force attack user.authentication.auth_via_richclient - Search for Brute Force attack that uses legacy authentication protocols. Legacy authentication does not support MFA and is thus being used to guess passwords on a large scale Relevant Okta Eventsuser.session.startuser.authentication.auth_via_richclientQuery-- Get users who failed to login from the same IP address at least 5 timesselect count(id), "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId", min(time) as "firstEvent", max(time) as "lastEvent"from okta_logswhere "eventType" ='user.session.start' and "actionResult"='FAILURE' and "resultReason" in ('INVALID_CREDENTIALS', 'LOCKED_OUT')and "time" > now() -interval '1 day'group by "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId"having count(id) >= 5order by count desc-- For Each result, check if the source IP address managed to login to the target user AFTER the "lastEvent" timeMITRE TechniqueCredential Access | Brute Force | ATT&CK T1110 It's also worth mentioning that based on the tenant  behavioral configuration Okta can also enrich each sign-in attempt with additional fields that add more context such as: Threat Suspected  New Device New IP Address New Geo Location  (Country\City\State) Including these enrichments in the query can help reduce false positives and focus on the more relevant events. Scenario 2 - MFA Push Notifications Fatigue Okta MFA Push Notification Fatigue refers to user exhaustion or annoyance resulting from frequent multi-factor authentication (MFA) push notifications sent by Okta for verification purposes. In this scenario, we assume that an adversary has already compromised user credentials and start flooding the legitimate user with Push notifications, with the hope that the user will approve one of them by mistake. To hunt for this threat scenario, you can search for more than X MFA push notifications, within a short period of time, originating from the same IP address. A successful MFA fatigue will also generate a user.authentication.auth_via_mfa event. This event will be logged after the targeted user was tricked to allow suspicious access. Relevant Okta Eventssystem.push.send_factor_verify_pushuser.authentication.auth_via_mfauser.mfa.okta_verify.deny_pushQuery-- Genericselect count(id), "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId", min(time) as "firstEvent", max(time) as "lastEvent"from audit_log_okta_idp_entitywhere "eventType" ='system.push.send_factor_verify_push'and "time" > now() -interval 'X hour'group by "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId"having count(id) >= 5 -- configurable number of MFA attemptsorder by count desc-- Find FAILED MFA fatigue attempts that were denied by the userselect count(id), "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId", min(time) as "firstEvent", max(time) as "lastEvent"from audit_log_okta_idp_entitywhere "eventType" ='user.mfa.okta_verify.deny_push'and "time" > now() -interval '24 days'group by "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId"having count(id) >= 5order by count descMITRE TechniqueCredential Access | Multi-Factor Authentication Request Generation | ATT&CK T1621 Scenario 3 - Okta ThreatInsight Detection Okta ThreatInsight is a security module that aggregates sign-in activities meta-data across the Okta customer base to analyze and detect potentially malicious IP addresses and prevent credential-based attacks. It is also a great starting point to find an initial indication for identifying targeted attacks against specific identities in the organization’s directory. Relevant Okta Eventssecurity.threat.detectedQueryselect min(time) as "first_event", max(time) as "last_event", "actorName", "actorType", "actorAlternateId", "eventType", "threatDetections"from audit_log_okta_idp_entity aloiewhere "eventType" ='security.threat.detected'group by "actorName", "actorType", "actorAlternateId", "eventType", "threatDetections"MITRE TechniqueCredential Access | Brute Force | ATT&CK T1110 Scenario 4 - Okta Session Hijacking A Session Hijacking attack refers to a situation in which an attacker was able to get his hand on the browser cookies of an authenticated Okta user. This risk is mostly involving targeted attacks and includes either malware infection on the user endpoint or a man-in-a-middle (MITM) attack that hijacks the user's traffic. (read more in this Okta Article). Okta’s dtHash serves as a useful tool for identifying stolen Okta sessions. Okta's dtHash, also known as the "de-identified token hash," is a cryptographic hash function utilized to safeguard user identifiers within Okta sessions. Its purpose is to mitigate the risk of sensitive user information being compromised in the event of a data breach or unauthorized access to Okta's portal or applications. For our hunting, we will search for a stolen Okta user's session that is being utilized in a different geographical location. We will detect it by searching for a dtHash that has been used from multiple geo-locations. Important Note - To enhance the effectiveness of detection, the session length limit plays a vital role. Okta recommends customers set a session length limit of 2 hours. It is worth noting that increasing the length limit raises the possibility of encountering false positives in the detection process. Relevant Okta EventsEvery Okta eventQueryselect count(distinct "clientCountry"), "actorAlternateId", "dtHash" from audit_log_okta_idp_entitywhere "dtHash" is not nullgroup by "actorAlternateId","dtHash"having count(distinct "clientCountry") >1MITRE TechniqueCollection | Browser Session Hijacking | ATT&CK T1185  Scenario 5 - Okta Privilege Escalation via Impersonation In this threat scenario, an Okta application administrator could impersonate another user by modifying an existing application assignment, specifically by editing the 'User Name' field used by Okta to identify users in the destination application. This manipulation allows the administrator to authenticate themselves as a different user in any federated application, presenting a risk of privilege escalation, especially in critical SaaS applications like AWS IAM Identity Center. Relevant Okta EventsApplication.user_membership.change_usernameQueryselect * from audit_log_okta_idp_entity aloie where "eventType" ='application.user_membership.change_username'-- For each result, check the target application. If the target application is relevant for this detection, the target AppUser is the field that we need to validate. An impersonation configuration was set if there's a mismatch between the targetName and the targetAlternateId.MITRE TechniquePersistence | Account Manipulation | ATT&CK T1098 Scenario 6 - Phishing Attempt (Blocked by FastPass) FastPass is Okta’s passwordless solution designed to minimize friction for the end-user during the login process while protecting against real-time phishing attacks. By adding additional layers of context to the login process (such as managed device information) it allows Okta to identify potentially suspicious authentication flows and it automatically blocks them, generating an indicative log in the audit. We can use this event result to identify potentially compromised credentials of Okta identities. Relevant Okta EventsUser.authentication.auth_via_mfaQueryselect * from audit_log_okta_idp_entity aloie where "eventType" ='user.authentication.auth_via_mfa' and "actionResult" ='FAILURE' and "actionResult" = 'FastPass declined phishing attempt'MITRE TechniqueInitial Access | Phishing | ATT&CK T1566 Scenario 7 - Okta Impossible Traveler Within the realm of threat hunting, the concept of the "impossible traveler" denotes a detection method employed to uncover compromised identities. Specifically, it involves identifying instances where an identity records successful login events from two distinct geographical locations within a brief time span, which may suggest a compromise. To identify potentially compromised identities, conduct a search for users who have experienced successful sign-in events from different geographical locations within a short timeframe. It is recommended to exclude VPN and proxy addresses from the analysis to focus on genuine geographic variations and to avoid false positives. If pre-configured properly, you can also use  Okta's velocity within the triage process to elevate the suspicion level of a particular sign-in location over others.  Relevant Okta EventsUser.session.startQueryselect count(distinct "clientCountry"), "actorAlternateId" from audit_log_okta_idp_entity aloie where "eventType" ='user.session.start'and "time" > now() -interval '1day'group by "actorAlternateId"having count(distinct "clientCountry") > 1MITRE TechniqueInitial Access | Valid Accounts | ATT&CK T1078 Scenario 8 - Cleartext Credentials Transfer Using SCIM  The SCIM (System for Cross-domain Identity Management) protocol is a standardized method for managing user identities and provisioning them across different systems and applications. It simplifies user management by providing a common framework for creating, updating, and deleting user accounts, as well as managing user attributes and group memberships, across various platforms. One of Okta's features allows setting a sync workflow, pushing any password changes to a target SCIM application. Configuring this requires Admin privileges to the Okta Console, so most likely to be a legitimate operation, yet, on rare occasions could be part of a hostile password-stealing attack by an insider.To detect this, we can search for the credentials export activity, and check that all of the target applications are legitimate and intended. Relevant Okta Eventsapp.user_management.push_okta_password_updateQueryselect * from audit_log_okta_idp_entity where "eventType" ='app.user_management.push_okta_password_update'MITRE TechniqueCredential Access | Exploitation for Credential Access | ATT&CK T1212 Scenario 9 - Application Access Brute Force When an attacker gains access to a compromised Okta user, they may attempt to use Okta’s portal to connect to various trusted applications. However, the attacker's attempts to access multiple apps can be denied by authentication policy requirements that have not been satisfied, such as the absence of MFA. An attacker may try to access different applications one by one, until finding those that allow him to operate without additional factors or conditions. To identify this behavior we will search for a user who has experienced multiple failed access attempts to different applications within a short time frame. This could raise a red flag and require a follow-up investigation of the user’s activity. Relevant Okta Eventsapplication.policy.sign_on.deny_accesstQueryselect count(targets."targetId"), logs."actorAlternateId", logs."clientIpAddress", logs."actorAlternateId"from audit_log_okta_idp_entity logs, audit_log_target_okta_idp_entity targetswhere "eventType"='application.policy.sign_on.deny_access'and targets."auditLogId" = logs."id"and targets."targetType" = 'AppInstance'and "time" > now() -interval '1 month'group by "clientIpAddress", "actorAlternateId"having count(targets."targetId") >= 5order by count descMITRE TechniqueCredential Access | Exploitation for Credential Access | ATT&CK T1212 On top of the scenarios mentioned above, there are more interesting events that can be used to hunt for threats in an Okta environment. These events are harder to rely on since they require having a deeper context of the regular activities in the organization to differentiate the legitimate operations from those that may be part of an attack. For example, an API Token created by an administrative user. It could be malicious or legitimate, and requires triage for a verdict:  Why did the user create this API key? Is it part of any task associated with an active project? If not,  Was it really the user, or is it a persistent action by a hostile actor? Okta Event TypeDefinitionMITRE ATT&CKuser.session.access_admin_appOkta admin T1078system.api_token.createAdministrative API Token CreatedT1098.001user.account.privilege.grantgroup.privilege.grantAdministrative Privileges Assignment N/Auser.mfa.factor.*MFA Changes T1556system.idp.lifecycle.create system.agent.ad.createAddition of external IdPT1556policy.rule.*policy.lifecycle.*application.policy.*Authentication Policy Changes.T1556network_zone.rule.disabledzone.*Changes to Network ZonesT1556user.account.report_suspicious_activity_by_enduserSuspicious Activity ReportedN/Auser.mfa.attempt_bypassAttempt to Bypass MFAN/Asecurity.request.blockedAccess from a Known-Bad IP was Blocked N/Auser.session.impersonation.initiateOkta Impersonation Session StartedN/A To see how Rezonate can help detect risks and threats across your Okta infrastructure, contact us for more information or request a free demo. Like this article? Follow us on LinkedIn.
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